To ensure proper formatting of my projects, I want to setup some linters. For now, most of my projects use html, css, js, jsx, md, json, yaml, toml, makefile, c, rs, cpp as content.

For starters, I installed Prettier which worked quite well, but not well enough to set a standard for all my projects. I want a standard for all my projects, and a single google search led me to editorconfig.

EditorConfig would help with the standardization, and also resolve the issue with tabs, space, tab-width that I was having in VSCode.

Setting up EditorConfig

The setup process is simple, with installing the EditorConfig for VS Code extension.

To generate a .editorconfig file which contains the workspace settings for EditorConfig, right-click on an empty space on the Explorer panel and “Generate .editorconfig”

That will generate a default .editorconfig containing a few lines of global configuration. However, this much is not enough. I want some specific configurations to apply to all my projects.

To achieve that, I created a editorconfig.template which contains all my configurations.

# EditorConfig is awesome:

# top-most EditorConfig file
root = true

indent_style = tab
indent_size = 4
end_of_line = lf
charset = utf-8
trim_trailing_whitespace = true
insert_final_newline = true

indent_style = tab
indent_size = 4

trim_trailing_whitespace = false
insert_final_newline = true

indent_style = tab
indent_size = 2

indent_style = space
indent_size = 2

This template file is used to generate the .editorconfig instead of the default template.

To achieve this, modify the EditorConfig settings in VSCode:

  1. Auto generation must be disabled
  2. The template path must be added

EditorConfig Settings in VSCode

Setting up ESLint

Now the next step was to setup ESLint for the JS (Node/React) projects, which are among the majority.

Installing ESLint as a dev-dependency

npm install -D eslint

Once that is done, let’s generate the .eslintrc.json (I like JSON!)

npm init @eslint/config

Then, just follow through the generation scripts to ensure proper linting rules.

Example .eslintrc.json

 "env": {
  "browser": true,
  "es2021": true
 "extends": ["eslint:recommended", "plugin:react/recommended", "prettier"],
 "overrides": [],
 "parserOptions": {
  "ecmaVersion": "latest",
  "sourceType": "module"
 "plugins": ["react"],
 "rules": {
  "indent": ["error", "tab"],
  "linebreak-style": ["error", "unix"],
  "quotes": ["error", "single"],
  "semi": ["error", "always"],
  "react/prop-types": "off"

Setting up Prettier

Mostly Prettier works good with ESLint, but there are situations where some conflicts arise.

To avoid those conflicts, install eslint-config-prettier

npm install -D eslint-config-prettier`

Add "prettier" in .eslintrc.json file.

 "extends": [..., "prettier"],

On top of that, adding some custom rules to Prettier in prettierrc.json

 "semi": false,
 "overrides": [
   "files": ["*.js", "*.css"],
   "options": {
    "trailingComma": "es5",
    "tabWidth": 4,
    "semi": true,
    "singleQuote": true
   "files": ["*.html", "legacy/**/*.js"],
   "options": {
    "tabWidth": 4

Using Prettier to format some HTML

And, with that the setup of linting for my projects is complete. For now.

But, this also creates some more inconveniences:

  1. Need to install eslint and eslint-config-prettier for my JS projects and generate the configuration, or COPY/PASTE from some other already-configured project.
  2. Create prettierrc.json for Prettier configuration, and COPY/PASTE from some already-configured project.

Let’s automate this some other time.